Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons


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Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons

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Popular Features. New Releases. Description This book describes alternative formulations and packaging techniques for the reduction or elimination of chlorofluorocarbon CFC use as an aerosol propellant. Use of CFCs in specific categories of aerosols considered "nonessential" was banned by the U. Andersen, the plant's manager of environmental programs. Other Problems Remain. But some experts say problems remain. Many smaller companies have not yet taken action, for lack of money or interest.

Military contractors have not moved as fast as commercial computer and telephone companies, saying that regulations gave them less freedom to alter their production processes. Doniger of the Natural Resources Defense Council.

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He added that the electronics industry was moving faster than expected. Chlorofluorocarbons have been linked to the deterioration of the ozone layer, which in turn is expected to lead to a sharp rise in certain types of cancer. In an accord reached in Montreal in and since amended, many nations agreed to eliminate the use of CFC's by the year The largest use, accounting for about 40 percent of consumption, is in air-conditioners and refrigerators.

Another primary use is in making foam for insulation and food packaging. The executives say all the industries that use CFC's are reconsidering their statements about how hard it would be to eliminate the chemicals. He said that makers of refrigerators, air-conditioners and foam insulation were shifting toward alternatives, though in some cases these are other fluorocarbon-based chemicals less harmful to the ozone layer than the ones they replace.


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Du Pont's Prediction. But the electronics industry's progress has been particularly fast -- especially considering that a few years ago, an expert at Du Pont, the leading manufacturer of CFC's, predicted that CFC would be the most difficult type to replace.

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CFC is mainly used to clean printed circuit boards of the residue that remains after chips and other components are soldered on. The residue can cause corrosion, leading to a breakdown of the computer. Such cleaning is becoming more important, and more difficult, as the industry develops more complex products. Chlorofluorocarbons not only cleaned all the nooks and crannies well, it was also non-toxic, nonflammable and inexpensive.

While Du Pont and others have developed some alternatives to CFC, many electronics companies have not waited. Some use water to clean components, while others have turned to a solvent made from terpenes, chemicals that are extracted from orange rinds. Modifying the Process.


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  • And other companies, like Northern Telecom and Apple Computer, are modifying their soldering process so that circuit boards do not have to be cleaned at all. This not only eliminates CFC's but also saves a step in manufacturing, and eliminates the need for water and for waste-water disposal, which are drawbacks of the other approaches. The industry executives say that cleaning processes must be tailored for each product or assembly line and that no CFC substitutes have been found for some areas.

    Chittick, A. The telephone company is aiming to end its use of CFC's by Just as Good, Even Better. The executives say that in some cases the alternatives clean as well as CFC's or even better. And in some cases, the alternatives are also less expensive, although there can be high initial costs. Kerr, the vice president of health and safety for Northern Telecom. The Canadian telecommunications equipment manufacturer has pledged to eliminate CFC's by the end of the year, earlier than most companies.

    He said I. But at the San Jose plant, Dr.

    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons
    Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons

Related Alternative Formulations And Packaging To Reduce Use Of Chlorofluorocarbons



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