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Abstract One and two dimensional forms of carbon, Carbon nanotube and graphene, have interesting and useful not only electronic but also photonic properties. References You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited By You do not have subscription access to this journal. Please login to set citation alerts.
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For all Eigen development discussion, use the public mailing list or Bugzilla instead. Our IRC channel is eigen on irc. Everybody's welcome to discuss Eigen-related topics or just chat. Some quick Eigen development chat happens over IRC, but the main place for Eigen development discussion remains the Eigen mailing list. Eigen is written and maintained by volunteers. You can contribute in many ways to help: give support to new users, write and improve documentation, helping with bugs and other issues in bugzilla, discussing the design and the API, running tests and writing code. See our page on Contributing to Eigen for pointers to get you started.
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Many other people have since contributed their talents to help make Eigen successful. Here's an alphabetical list: note to contributors: do add yourself! Eigen is also using code that we copied from other sources. They are acknowledged in our sources and in the Mercurial history, but let's also mention them here:.
It is a wonderful thing to see a Review evolve from a vague idea, to a well-structured outline and then a full manuscript.
We feel great satisfaction when we see the reviews we worked on published and take pride when they are well-received by the community. Giulia Pacchioni, Senior Editor at Nature Reviews Materials : Being a Reviews editor is a lot of fun — I like keeping an eye on how ideas evolve from initial results presented at a conference to a flurry of publications as the topic becomes more established, and deciding when is the perfect moment to commission a Review. I am lucky to have the opportunity to travel to plenty of conferences and lab visits to keep in touch with the community, and to spend a lot of time reading and thinking about science.
Claire Ashworth, who works for our inter-journal team providing support to Nature Reviews Physics , Nature Reviews Materials and Nature Reviews Chemistry : I enjoy seeing an idea develop into a published Review and working with authors at each stage of the publication process to achieve this.
Stephen Davey, Chief Editor of Nature Reviews Chemistry: The Reviews editor role is rather different to that of a primary research journal editor — and not just because I spend my time chasing authors rather than being chased by them. I get to put a lot into every manuscript that I handle. And I do it all while travelling the world, meeting interesting people and slaking my thirst for knowledge.
I can go from looking for commissioning ideas in soft matter physics, to line-editing a review on the physics of climate modelling, to discussing with editors in other journals about what the latest trends in complexity research are. August 7, pm. I spent 11 years studying physics and theoretical physics at Imperial College London. While the leap from theoretical physics research to trying to improve how research is done is an improbable one, I will attempt to explain below how that happened. I always claim that Theoretical Physics is not a job that you do but rather it is the person that you are.
How did you your career progress from a PhD in theoretical physics to leading Digital Science? Carrying on in theoretical physics after a PhD usually means years of postdocs in several geographic locations; the often-taken alternative being working for a bank as a quantitative analyst.
Neither alternative seemed to be very attractive to me, or to my office mates at the time, so we founded a software company called Symplectic together. In particular, the Faculty of Medicine was very collaborative and together we developed a piece of software that would later become Symplectic Elements, our research information management platform. By , we had started to sell Elements outside Imperial College and had been noticed by Nature Publishing Group, who were already planning to launch Digital Science at the time.
How did you co-found Symplectic? Do you have any advice for young scientists who would follow your career path? We also wanted to give back to an environment that we loved and where, through our PhD studies, we had seen lots of things that could have been done better with a good software solution. Luckily, in a lot of theoretical physics research, you usually need to learn some level of coding. In those early years between and , the four of us wrote about 12 pieces of software from a web content management system to an examination management system.
It was a great way to learn the tools of our trade and to learn how to run a company.
I would not recommend following my career path to anyone — it was very much a personal choice and one that, by luck, has turned out to suit me. That said, undergraduates and PhD students are often taught a definition of success that is very narrowly defined — specifically in the academic context. What I have learned from my non-standard path is that success can be many things and that ultimately it is about finding a way to make a difference in a way that is personal to you. This is a really complicated question. You can find one of them here. I think that:. This allows them to, secondly, have a physical form, which happens to be fundamentally the same as one that we learn to interact with from a young age.
In short, we are conditioned to hold something in our hands that feels like a book.
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With research literature that is only possible because a particular version is published on a particular day. As Geoffrey Builder has observed, by just looking at the front page of a paper, any researcher can identify where the authors, affiliations, title, abstract, main text, journal name, page number, date and DOI are located in the layout without seeing even a single word. Indeed, in many cases researchers can identify the name of the journal from layout alone. However, the past few years have seen the nature of research results in many fields change completely.
An increasing number of researchers now have vast amounts of data that they need to share in order for their research to be reproducible; they have developed software; their data needs to be consumed as a video or audio file or using a specific viewer in order to interpret it. On top of this, many researchers are beginning to see significant value in sharing negative results to increase the efficiency of the research system. None of these aspects can easily be fitted into the standard, flat, paper-based article or monograph. As a result, I see the principal research outputs becoming the research objects rather than the papers.
I see a deep need to change research evaluation and incentives to take this shift into account. I see research communication becoming more like computer software in the sense that it should be highly versioned, highly collaborative and quite open. I think that research reviews may be created by AIs at our request — relating research objects that interest us and pulling together the thinking of multiple researchers to meet our current need for information.
Even if my predictions are not accurate, it seems clear that there are many opportunities to rethink how publication works and that there are a number of transitions that are likely to take place in the next few years. July 1, pm. Posted by Iulia Georgescu Categories: Guest post. For laypersons, the thought of dark matter is more likely to cue spooky music than to evoke thoughts about baryons or the lack thereof.
Dark Matter depicts the eponymous concept in an approachable way by using everything from music and mirrors to maps and movies. To be sure, the exhibition is not only a feast for the mind but also for the senses, which is ironic because none of our five senses can detect dark matter perhaps we really do need that sixth sense…. The mystery associated with dark matter is not limited to laypersons.
Among physicists, the subject remains controversial because much of our knowledge comes only from indirect observations that implicate the existence of matter beyond the ordinary. Efforts to spectroscopically detect dark matter have been likened to tuning a radio in search of a station that might not even exist. In Dark Matter Radio , an installation with a circular array of audio speakers playing sounds at different frequencies, and as we walk around we experience strange interferences and beats that Aura Satz uses to depict this tuning. The artist Satz is frank in her admission that these developments are unlikely to come from a fertilization of breakthroughs in these artist—scientist collaborations.
But if the only breakthrough these collaborations achieve is to take the most esoteric topic and pique the attention of the general public then that will be breakthrough enough.
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June 24, pm. Five haunting episodes depict the night and aftermath of the explosion of reactor 4, using the style of disaster films to vividly show how the combination of bad nuclear reactor design, irresponsible scientists, a totalitarian system and human error led to one of the biggest nuclear disasters, with devastating consequences within and outside the Iron Curtain. In Eastern Austria, where I grew up, the weather was rather bad in the last days of April We children did not know at that time that the rain that fell on our sandbox in the garden carried radioactive waste. On 26 th April , reactor 4 in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Soviet Ukraine had exploded.
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